Students need a strong understanding of letters, their forms and the associated sounds. A strong understanding of letters and sounds will help your students develop higher level reading skills.
To develop this strong understanding of letters and sounds, these are the skills I focus most on:
Many students with disabilities require direct teaching and high repetitions in order to learn and master their skills. Letters and sounds are no different! Here are some ideas to give students help students learn quicker and more completely.
Once I know which letters my students still need instruction on, I choose a small set (usually 3 to 4 letters) to focus on. We begin by introducing the letters and using guided practice to notice the features of the letters, the sounds it makes, etc.
We use letter posters to introduce the letter. We trace the letter, practice writing it in the air and practice matching the letter in different sizes.
We also add a sensory and movement component to the introduction to help students remain engaged and learning.
Ideas for adding sensory into the lessons: